The vehicle’s basemap contains information about driving lanes, speed limits, traffic signals, and other information needed by the controller system.
The controller system processes the data from the automated vehicle’s sensors and uses that information to control the vehicle.
Radar units reflect radio waves off nearby objects to determine their relative position and velocity.
LiDAR (laser) sensors reflect lasers off of nearby objects. LiDAR can detect pavement markings and features, and it can differentiate objects.
Multiple cameras collect visual information from the roadway and surrounding area and deliver them to the controller system for analysis.
The GPS system locates the precise position of the automated vehicle and assists in its navigation.